Destination Guide to Turkey
In one form or another, Turkish is spoken by around 150 million people, in an area stretching from Belgrade to Xinjiang in China. The closest European languages are Finnish and Hungarian.
One of the group of Turkic languages, it was heavily influenced by Persian and Arabic during the Ottoman period and later restructured in Ataturk’s Great Language Reform of the 1930s. It was under his direction that the Arabic alphabet was changed to Roman and many Persian and Arabic words were replaced by new Turkish ones. The result is a simplified and logical language with phonetically pronunciation.
There are twenty-nine letters in the Turkish alphabet. The letters Q, W and X are omitted. There are two versions of S, C, U, O, I and G and three different variations of A. You will be able to notice the difference, as some of the letters are plain and some have umlauts (two dots) over the top. The different letters have different sounds and each syllable is pronounced with equal stress.
Initially the language may seem complex and very different, but if you master a few essentials and a smattering of words your efforts will be appreciated. It is well worth the time and trouble to bring pleasure and certainly a few smiles to friendly Turkish faces. So practice some phrases and you’re bound to impress! One of the hardest, yet most important everyday words is Teşekkür ederim, pronounced tesh e kur e derim – thank you!
|Thank you||Teşekkür ederim||Tesh e kur e derim|
|Good Morning||Gunaydın||Goo nay din|
|Good Evening||Iyi akşamlar||Ee ak sham lar|
|Good Night||Iyi geceler||Ee gej ee ler|
|Goodbye – staying||Güle güle||Gerlay gerlay|
|Goodbye – leaving||Hoş çakal||Hoshchakal|
|No thanks||Yok sağol||Yok sal|
|Hello how are you?||Merhaba, nasılsiniz||Merhaba nas is siniz|
|I’m fine thank you||Iyiyim teşekkür ederim||Iyim tes ekur edrim|
|One beer please||Bir bira lütfen||Bir bira lutfen|
|How much is it?||Kaç para||Catch para|
|The bill please||Hesap lütfen||Hesap lutfen|